Spain History - 1st Republic - (1873 - 1874)
A Catalan by the name of Pi y Margall was named as President who to
confuse the issue was a strong supporter of local self-government.
After a few months of discussion a Federal Republic was officially
announced with 17 regional States combined in a new decentralized
government. Its lack of success is shown by the fact that it had
four Presidents in a matter of eleven months. By the summer of 1873
Granada, Málaga and Valencia had all declared independence from
Madrid. The Carlist seized in the confusion control of most areas to
the north of the River Ebro. It would seem that the Carlist were also
split within and they failed to make any further advance. In the
wings there appeared Queen Isabel's son Alfonso XII who
had been given military training at Sandhurst in England and promised
the army and the loyal royalists an answer to the anarchy that was
taking hold of the country.